When is the Best Time to Propagate Succulents?
Vital things to know!

Have you been asking, when is the best time to propagate succulents? Is it possible to propagate succulents all year round? Here are the vital things to know.

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Jimena Bolívar

April 04, 2021


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INTRODUCTION

I have been asked many times by people who propagate succulents but don’t get the desired result, the best time of the year to propagate succulents. Those who want to start propagating succulents also wish to know the best to start and get a good result. When is the best time and season to propagate Succulents? It’s a vital question as most succulents are dormant during certain seasons and begin actively growing during certain seasons and conditions.

People who are successful with propagating succulents know that most succulents are winter-dormant and do not consider propagating succulents except in the spring, so they can start growing before the summer heat intensifies. The best time to propagate succulents is in the spring and summer seasons as it’s warmer and there’s more light during spring and summer, which is why most plants are actively growing at this time. In this article, we shall look at why spring and summer are the best seasons to propagate succulents and other seasons when you can propagate succulents, the best temperature suitable for succulents, and the vital sign to look out for when propagating succulents from leaves.

THE BEST SEASONS TO PROPAGATE SUCCULENTS

The best season to propagate succulents is spring. Most succulents grow in spring, summer, and autumn, and become dormant in winter. It all depends on the succulent you want to propagate and the part of the world you’re living. There are winter-dormant succulents and summer-dormant succulents, so it is necessary to first and foremost find out if the succulent you want to propagate is winter or summer dormant. It’s possible to be successful in propagating succulents all year round regardless of the season.

The beginning of autumn is the best time to propagate summer-dormant types of succulents like aloe vera and kalanchoe. These succulents start to grow and produce flower buds in autumn, and that is the perfect time to cut and propagate them so the mother plant can have new growth. You can decide to start with aloe vera as it’s one of the most versatile succulents you may want to propagate at the beginning of this autumn season. To learn more about the many benefits of aloe vera, kindly check out my article on its internal and external uses.

Succulents like aeoniums and sedums tend to grow and root quicker and better in autumn, winter, and early spring in more temperate climates where there are no harsh winters. It is safe to propagate aeoniums and sedums throughout winter if there is no danger of deep frosts.

Summer isn’t the only time you can propagate succulents. Yes, you can propagate succulents from leaves during winter. I have observed an incident where a succulent leaf fell from a plant during winter in a cold but sunny spot where the succulent leaf received moisture and plants had roots and new growth.

Succulents are drought-tolerant and easy to propagate. They can take intense exposure to sunlight. Ensure that your succulents are not exposed to rain for long during cold winter months. Succulents like echeveria are liable to rot in rainy weather because their leaves are vulnerable to frost damage if you expose them to too much moisture. This handbook can help you with the basic knowledge you need to start propagating succulents that can take intense exposure to sunlight.

THE BEST TEMPERATURE TO PROPAGATE SUCCULENTS

Succulents do well in temperate climates. The ideal time to propagate succulents is when the temperature is ranging from 60°F to 80°F. It may not be easy to find the temperature tolerance for all the various succulents out there, but when you know the best temperatures for your succulents, it will help you determine the best time to propagate. If you propagate succulents in an extremely cold or warm climate, you have to note that succulents tolerate temperatures as low as 40°F and as high as 90°F.

It’s not advisable to propagate succulents when temperatures are lower than 40°F or higher than 90°F, as that isn’t the best time to propagate. High temperatures and the effect of exposure to the sun exposure can cause sunburn and damage to the leaves and roots of your succulents.

During summer, if you’re living in an area with a warm climate, you should consider planting your succulents directly into the ground instead of containers because the temperatures of the soil stay relatively constant despite temperature changes. If you must propagate in containers, it is better to avoid glass and metal containers and go for containers made with materials that protect your succulents against sudden fluctuations in temperature. Succulents are ideal container specimens. You can start propagating succulents this summer with this ceramic succulent planter pot with drainage holes

During winter, always protect your succulents from frost damage by covering them with a cloth or bringing them indoors to keep the temperature above freezing point. Some tropical species like euphorbia and lithops do well in temperatures of 50 to 60°F, while some like sempervivum can tolerate frost of temperatures as low as 30 to 40°F.

Propagating succulents with dry seeds at the beginning of spring to give them a long growing period before winter dormancy is something you might want to try if you live in a cool or dry climate. To achieve a good result, keep in a warm environment with a temperature of 75ºF to 80ºF to keep the seeds moist and warm.

Here is a product I recommend if you want to propagate succulents indoor using containers

Liquid Indoor Plant Food, All-Purpose Indoor Plant Fertilizer, Liquid Plant Food, Easy Peasy Plants House Plant Fertilizers 4-3-4 Plant Nutrients, House Plant Food | Lasts Same as 16 oz Bottle

Easy to use liquid indoor plant fertilizer for all-purpose indoor plants. It helps to develop a strong root system and promotes healthier green leaf growth and colorful blooms.

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THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR WHEN PROPAGATING SUCCULENTS FROM LEAVES

Propagating succulents from leaves is one easy method of propagation. If you intend to propagate succulents from leaves, there are some vital signs you need to look out for so you know the best time to do this, especially if you plan to propagate succulents in winter. You have to be patient with the process, as it may take a little longer time than it would in spring. You also have to resist every urge to water your leaves.

What to look out for and the best time to propagate succulents from leaves is when the plant develops a long stem at the bottom. When a succulent develops a long woody stem, it is called a leggy plant. When you’re ready to propagate, go for the leaves from a leggy plant and always choose the healthy leaves from the bottom and leave the younger and smaller growth near the top.

Gently remove the leaves from the stem with your fingers and place them in a warm place with indirect sunlight and let it dry. Please, do not place the leaves in the soil until the wound at the spot it was removed from the stem heals.

CONCLUSION

Propagating succulents can be done all year round, but you’ll be sure of the best results during the spring and summer seasons when succulents are actively growing. You can propagate succulents all year round if you live in an area where the weather is pleasant all year round or propagate your succulents indoors. Know the dormant seasons of the succulents and wait for their active growing seasons. I love aloe vera and propagate it every summer and spring season because I incorporate it into my diet and skincare routine. To learn more on how you can incorporate aloe vera on your daily routine, read my article on 8 best aloe vera recipes

You can also propagate succulents all year round if you propagate indoors in a place where the temperatures are always favorable for succulents as they hardly go into a dormancy period depending on where you live. When propagating from leaves, be patient with the process to give the succulent the best chance for survival. When propagating from leaves, be patient with the process to give the succulent the best chance of survival.

Jimena Bolívar Picture

By Jimena Bolívar

Easy Succulents Founder

My name is Jimena and I'm the the founder of Easy Succulents! I'm fascinated by this wonderful plants and I want to share with the world everything I know about them!

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Jimena Bolívar Picture

Jimena Bolívar

Easy Succulents Founder

My name is Jimena and I'm the the founder of Easy Succulents! I'm fascinated by this wonderful plants and I want to share with the world everything I know about them!

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